• A Canadian Approach to Command at the Operational Level
    The conceptual theme to what constitutes the operational level, certainly in contemporary Canadian practice, is integration – integration of the myriad activities necessary in order to accomplish the things asked of militaries as they monitor the defence and security environment, partner with civil authorities and military forces, plan and prepare for contingency and crisis response, and lead and enable their own armed forces in the conduct of operations.
  • Educating the Canadian Forces: The Introduction of the Operational Level of War
    The adoption of the operational level of war by the CF was part of a single intellectual change that originated in the United States Army and was promulgated in Canada though officers, primarily those of the Canadian Army, serving at the CFC.